Her lover witnessed the act of infanticide, and horrified by Estelle's action, he killed himself. Despite her immoral behavior, Estelle does not feel guilty. She simply wants a man to kiss her and admire her beauty. Early on in the play, Estelle realizes that Inez is attracted to her; however, Estelle physically desires men.
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And since Garcin is the only man in her vicinity for endless eons, Estelle seeks sexual fulfillment from him. However, Inez will always interfere, preventing Estelle from attaining her desire. Inez the Damned Woman: Inez might be the only character of the three who feels at home in Hell. Throughout her life, she accepted even embraced her evil nature. She is a devout sadist, and even though she will be prevented from attaining her desires, she seems to take some pleasure knowing that everyone else around her will join in her misery. During her lifetime, Inez seduced a married woman, Florence.
The woman's husband Inez's cousin was miserable enough to be suicidal but did not "the nerve" to take his own life. Inez explains that the husband was killed by a tram, making us wonder if she perhaps pushed him. However, since she is the character who feels most at home in this strange Hell, it seems that Inez would be more blatant about her crimes. She does tell her lesbian lover, "Yes, my pet, we killed him between us. In either case, Florence wakes up one evening and turns on the gas stove, killing herself and the sleeping Inez. Despite her stoic facade, Inez admits that she needs others if only to engage in acts of cruelty.
This characteristic implies that she receives the least amount of punishment since she will be spending eternity thwarting Estelle and Garcin's attempts at salvation. Her sadistic nature might very well make her the most content among the three, even if she is never able to seduce Estelle. Garcin the Coward: Garcin is the first character to enter Hell. He gets the play's first and last line. At first, he seems surprised that his surroundings don't include hellfire and non-stop torture. He feels that if he is in solitude, left alone to put his life in order, he will be able to handle the rest of eternity.
However, when Inez enters he realizes that solitude is now an impossibility.
No Exit | Samuel French
Inez will always despise Garcin and lust after Estelle, who will never reciprocate. This spellbinding production is aided by Phillip Baldwin's impressive set design. Two walls of this hellish chamber jut out from a black space. Nothing exists outside this narrow, uncomfortable room. Isolated in space and time, the walls delineate a spiritual emptiness. They are painted with a bland landscape in which the trees are neither lush nor bearing. The sun is not shining, but neither is it raining or foggy. The only furniture in the room consists of three satin-covered striped divans.
On the mantle of the sealed fireplace is a large bronze panther. If any complaint about the set can be made, it is over this panther. The bronze sculpture is an important element in the play, and the use of a stylized animal is arguable. John Hickey's stark and dramatic lighting design adds a sense of discomfort and imbalance to the set, and Don Newcomb has done an outstanding job designing costumes. The basic translation used here is by Paul Bowles. It has been revised by Mr.
No Exit by Sartre : An analysis
Atkinson and Prof. They have remained faithful to Sartre's original French version, while occasionally and appropriately updating the English to reflect current American usage. It is an effective and accurate translation. Here, for unending eternity, Garcin, Inez and Estelle will reflect to one another the ugly characters they formed during their lives. As terrifying as ''No Exit'' may be for them, we the living know that change is always possible. The character is not finished, Sartre tells us, until his or her final choice is made.
It is a striking example of what regional theaters are capable of producing. Please upgrade your browser. See next articles. Sep 08, Sumirti Singaravel rated it it was amazing Shelves: amazing-work , fiction , small-and-beautiful , play , to-be-read-before-i-bid-adieu , literature , philosophy , existentialism , european-france. And yet one's whole life is complete at that moment[of death], with a line drawn neatly under it, ready for the summing up. You are—your life and nothing else.
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The play in its entirety is based on the basic assertion of Sartre that "existence precedes essence". Each of the characters is complete in their development and is perfectly complementing to the central theme. I wonder how Sa "One always dies too soon—or too late. I wonder how Sartre made it possible for the reader to understand about the room in hell without ever giving an explanation of it.
Each of the damned characters seeks the surety of their worth in the next person, like a mirror, rather than seeking comfort in their own judgement of themselves. Each of the characters fails to accept themselves and keeps on weaving a lie to themselves. It is most visible in Garcin's dilemma and his subsequent persuasion to Estelle to call him a courageous person and to put trust on him, and his inaction to leap out to the long corridor as soon as the door opened to escape to freedom. In their own weakness to be in harmony with themselves and to take responsibility for their own actions, they create a hell for one another.
Thus, it gives rise to Garcin's words, the most famous of Sartre, "Hell is other people. It is only in sleep, I realized after reading this play, that a man wholly belongs to himself. He remains uninterrupted and certainly without the necessity of another man's consciousness. Perhaps, is that the reason why a good sound sleep makes us feel as if in paradise when we wake up?! I am looking forward eagerly to read more of Sartre.
If not for anything, at least for the new ideas he gives away for racking my brain. View all 3 comments. Mar 06, Lauren rated it really liked it Shelves: philosophy , translated-works , read-harder-challenge , plays. Hell may very well be a room where you will spend eternity with grating and self-absorbed people, all while sitting atop uncomfortable "Second Empire" furniture.
This was pretty great. I haven't read a play in some time - quite a bit of Greek tragedy as an undergrad, and then the requisite Shakespeare and some Miller back in high school. This was very different in style - funny, absurd, and thought-provoking - and I quite enjoyed it. Sep 30, Sarah rated it it was amazing Shelves: , essential-reading. I read this mostly because it inspired my favorite Twilight Zone episode. That's all I have to say. And whoever wrote all over this library book actually provided some insight.
So…thank you? I guess? Dec 07, Walter Schutjens rated it really liked it Shelves: philosophical-fiction , reviewed , literature , philosophy , theatre.
According to Sartre, Hell is
A very daunting read. Three "absentees" acting as a euphemism for the dead are trapped in a room together in what is deemed the most brutal form of torture in hell - confronting the perpetual ontological struggle to see oneself as an object in the world of another consciousness people. As the characters confront their fate and thereby dispel their sins in the material world, the prospect of an infinite mutual scrutiny dawns on them all. Time plays no object as they are to confront the ultimate A very daunting read.
Time plays no object as they are to confront the ultimate freedom of their being a key theme in existentialism , and experience the horror of then not being able to leave the room and think about something else for a little while. The transience of time and constant distraction from our existential angst is a gift in our world, Sartre manages to remove this virtue and consequently lets the dialogue show the drama that unfolds. Feb 15, Manohar Lal Solanki rated it really liked it. Jean-Paul Sartre, an existensialst, a philosopher, a novelist etc.
His idea of hell is very much similar to the idea of Shakespeare. Shakespeare has quoted once, " All the devils of hell are on the earth". This novel goes on the same bottom line where he depicts a picture of hell, in which he shows three peoples who dies, and then they enters the hell. There were two ladies and one man. All the three peoples were kept in a same room. There was nothing else in the room except few paintings. There Jean-Paul Sartre, an existensialst, a philosopher, a novelist etc. There was a switch so that in case if they require any thing or any sort of assistance, then can buzz the alarm by switching, but it was not really working, so it was futile to have it.
As all three introduces each other, and all three acknowledge that they were duped by people on earth about the concept and idea of hell. As they were expecting some sort of eternal purgatory where the King of hell will torment peoples with various freaky and vicious technique for their wrong done on the earth. It turns out to be totally different for them. In this novel, all the peoples begin conversation with each other by posing question to each other about their reason for in hell. As no one tells the truth, may be, it is human nature to hide.
They all knew that none have put out the truth. This conversation leads to fight among the threes, finally man concludes that hell is not what has been told to us but hell is nothing but we people, we act as hell to each other, we make the life of others hell, as we don't have any exit to the room, it becomes hell for all three, novel ends with the raucous and fighting amongst all three.
If you are a pro-pounder of Individualism, you will find this novel interesting as well as informative, in terms of how other peoples act as part of hell. Read the book and enjoy, as it is a work of Jean-Paul-Sartre, one will find it more philosophical in content, hence one needs to read it as a good reader, it will require the reader to ponder on the words for few seconds as some time reader will find that it has the straight meaning the statement but it is true, his ideas make allusion various other collateral ideas which are necessary to understand.
Give some time and read the book. Nov 11, Sohaib rated it really liked it Shelves: reads , drama. Four thousand little rests per hour. Four thousand little respites—just think! Yet these simple things in life are the ones we need most appreciate and hold onto. This play tells the story of three characters, a man and two women, forced to endure eternity with each other in a drawing room.
Mar 15, Arman rated it liked it Shelves: plays , french-literature. I liked the concept, I liked the idea, I like a philosophical play, but literary speaking, this could be way more exciting if it was written by Albert Camus. I wish it was. Also the characters were kind of boring. They could have been different people and their dialogues could have made the reader produce more 'wow's and 'dammit's. I cannot help thinking this play is an unfulfilled idea, written by someon I liked the concept, I liked the idea, I like a philosophical play, but literary speaking, this could be way more exciting if it was written by Albert Camus.
I cannot help thinking this play is an unfulfilled idea, written by someone who is more of a thinker than a writer. Mar 03, Lavinia rated it it was amazing Shelves: plays , The hell as we have probably never imagined it. Perhaps the first piece of existentialist writing that didn't literally give me a headache. Really, something to get back to every now and then. Oct 13, Tukunjil Nayeera rated it it was amazing Shelves: french-lit , to-be-buy , most-favorites , classic. This book is a portrayal of hell by Mr.
Sartre and he did a wonderful job! I don't know how to put my thought in words.. I feel utterly empty yet so full of emotion! Aren't you afraid? INEZ: What would be the use? There was some point in being afraid before, while one still had hope.
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So, where there's a fear, there's a hope! Now, what is hell like?? They said, hell is eternal fire, everlasting punishment, eternal torment with no rest day or night, bottomless pit. Jean Paul Sartre said, anything would be better than the agony of mind! Can't agree more sir! Jan 29, Morgan rated it it was amazing. Reread this play tonight and my opinion hasn't changed.
I liked this a lot when I first read in college for an existentialism class. I like the characters and I like the concept. It's a quick play to read too. Aug 23, Lyn rated it really liked it. I read this in HS and still think of this sometimes in reference to people's relationships and group dynamics. Probably need to visit No Exit again. Feb 28, Jennifer rated it really liked it.
No Exit Study Guide
And yet one's whole life is complete at that moment, with a line drawn neatly under it, ready for the summing up. You are your life, and nothing else. This has got to be the most elegant little play I've ever read. Three people are in hell together - they're locked in a comfortably furnished room that's just slightly too hot, there are no mirrors, and they can't sleep.
Their punishment is that, even though they all have conflicting pet peeves and c "One always dies too soon—or too late. Their punishment is that, even though they all have conflicting pet peeves and character flaws, they must suffer each other's company for all eternity. But it's more than that; the punishment is that these random, contemptible strangers become the only witnesses to each other's existence. They become each other's mirrors. Go read this right now! Apr 17, Pallavi Sareen rated it really liked it Shelves: favourites. When I say I'm cruel, I mean I can't get on without making people suffer.
Like a live coal. A live coal in others' hearts. When I'm alone I flicker out. I have different ways of looking at this play than the usual 'Hell is other people'. Okay that's one aspect of it. But it's also, giving the people what they desire all the time. Inez needs to be cruel to others to exist. That's what she does. So here she is forever stuck in that room and must stay cruel, for it IS hell and that is Who she is an When I say I'm cruel, I mean I can't get on without making people suffer. So here she is forever stuck in that room and must stay cruel, for it IS hell and that is Who she is and moroever in company of two people, much like herself.
But that creulty itself backfires on her too, for she has to experience the same cruelty from others and be cruel all the time now. There's no salvation. Just forever and forever of existing. Garcin is a coward with a wish to never be called on his cowardice. He wants to be cruel without ever being called cruel. So he is stuck in hell forever trying for salvation, for others to NOT see him as he is. And that is his hell.
Estelle is a bit complicated. She wants to be desired, while not feeling anything herself. And so she is stuck with forever being desired by Inez, and Garcin too, but he wants someone to have faith in him and that she can't do. Total paradoxical and damn, that's hell. I feel elements of all three characters in myself, and thus, I believe- Hell is me Oct 17, Shardallinee rated it it was amazing Shelves: on-my-actual-bookshelf , philosophy , my-favorites-multiple-reads , book-club-reading , school-reading , theatre-play.
I've read this play some years ago in highschool for the first time. Even then I thought it a masterpiece. Mostly, because at the end of the story you do not close the covers and put the book back on a shelf, then forget all about it and move on with your life. No, it makes you think.
Is there an afterlife? Is there a heaven and hell?