Gandhi ek adhyayan: reading Gandhi. India infrastructure report rural infrastructure. Prisons we broke. China rising: peace, power and order in East Asia. Comparing political corruption and clientelism. Inside Lebanon: journey to a shattered land with Noam and Carol Chomsky. Making of an Indian metropolis: colonial governance and public culture in Bombay, Inclusion and exclusion in the global arena. Handbook of cultural psychology. Resistible rise: a fascism reader. Brain science and psychological disorders: therapy, psychotropic drugs and the brain.
On populist reason. Understanding cross-cultural psychology: eastern and western perspectives. Contentious politics and democratization in Nepal. Locating home: India's Hyderabadis abroad. Competing claims in work and family life. Tradition and modernity in eighteenth-century Goa Economic geography: critical concepts in the social sciences. Kaldor, Mary. Oil wars. Muslims, dalits and the fabrications of histoy. Understanding human well-being. Bombay cinema: an archive of the city. Community-based natural resource management: issues and cases from South Asia.
Law and economics; critical concepts in law. Meszaros, Istvan. Marx's theory of alienation. Marriage in tribal societies: cultural dynamics and social realities. Landscapes of voluntarism: new spaces of health, welfare and governance. Inspiring thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi: Gandhi in daily life. Psychology and societal development: paradigmatic and social concerns. Psychological theory and teaching profession: selected essays by Prof. Geography of health: a treatis on geography of life and death in India. Prattler's tale: Bengal Marxism governance.
Studying hinduism: key concepts and methods. Foreign direct investment and the world economy. Foundations of the composite culture in India. India's economic transition: the politics of reforms. Geographical information system: concepts and business opportunities. Environmental psychology. Revisiting globalization through the gender lens. Promise of the metropolis: Bangalore's twentieth century. Wrongs of the religious right: reflections on science, secularism and hindutva.
Political economy of trade finance and development: selected essays of T. Globalization and politics in India. Marriage family and kinship among the Paite tribe of Manipur. Knowledge and society: situating sociology and social anthropology. Love in South Asia: a cultural history. Information society and development: the Kerala experience. Psychological consequences of child abuse. Uttar-adhuniktavaad aur Gandhi. Redefining family law in India: essays in honour of B. Explaining growth in South Asia.
Changing face and challenges of urbanization: a case study of Uttar Pradesh. Hindu women's property rights in rural India: law labour and culture in action. Sex-selective abortion in India: gender, society and new reproductive technologies. What is professional social work?. Geographical information systems GIS in library and information services. Future of organised labour: global perspectives. Global rivalries: from the cold war to Iraq.
Peacebuilding: women in international perspective. Social accounting matrix for India: concepts, construction and applications. Population and environment linkages. Kashmir: insurgency and after. Ecology and human well-being. India development report: Environment and sustainable development. Ravichandran, M. Environmental management: issues in potable water in rural Tamil Nadu.
Ravirajan, S. Modernizing nature: forestry and imperial eco-development Interrogating imperialism conversations on gender, race and war. War too far: Iraq, Iran and the new American century. Calcutta requiem: gender and politics of poverty. Failing peace: Gaza and Palestinian-Israeli conflict. Explaining Indian democracy: a fifty-year perspective, the realm of ideas: inquiry and theory. Explaining Indian democracy: a fifty-year perspective, the realm of the public sphere: identity and policy. Explaining Indian democracy: a fifty-year perspective, the realm of institutions: state formation and institution.
Postmodern Gandhi and other essays: Gandhi in the world and at home. Assertive religious identities: India and Europe. Sociology of diaspora: a reader. Samarasinghe, Vidyamali. Female sex trafficking in Asia: the resilience of patriarchy in a changing world. Human clocks: the bio-cultural meanings of age. Personality disorders and older adults: diagnosis, assessment and treatment. Handbook of the new sexuality studies. Fundamentalism and women in world religions. Indian social structure and change. Studies in gerontology: intergenerational perspectives. India's transforming financial sector.
Impact of armed conflicts on women in South Asia. Scourge of unemployment in India and psychological health. Fragments of a life: a family archive. Economics of urban transportation. Peculiar people, amazing lives: Leprosy, social exclusion and community making in South India. Stability with growth: macreconomics, liberalization and development. Tools and ideas: the beginnings of local industrialization in South Gujarat, Political violence and the police in India. Women's livelihood rights: recasting citizenship for development.
Global governance in question: empire, class the new common sense in managing North -south relations. Globalization and challenges to building peace. Thorat, Sukhadeo. Ambedkar in retrospect: essays on economics, politics and society. Ambedkar perspectives on social exclusion and inclusive policies. In search of inclusive policy: addressing graded inequality. Law and the rise of capitalism. World order after Leninism. Contemporary economic sociology: globalisation, production, inequality.
State of world population unleashing the potential of urban growth. Darker nations: a biography of the short-lived third world. Nation in imagination: essays on nationalism, sub-nationalisms and narration. Social brain matters: stances on the Neurobiology of social cognition. Friendship, interiority and mysticism: essays in dialogue. Experiments with truth and non-violence: the Dalai Lama in exile from Tibet.
Women in science: a social and cultural history. Innovations in macroeconomics. Women's sexualities and masculinities in a globalizing Asia. Changing Venezuela by taking power: the history and policies of the Chavez government. Democracy against capitalism: renewing historical materialism. Venezuelan revolution a marxist perspective. Treating somatization: a cognitive-behavioral approach. Most of these SLPs have been organized as Govt. Manufacturing enterprises are the largest group among the SLPEs followed by trade and service, utility welfare and promotional enterprises.
Half of the SLPEs are operating in a competitive market while the rest in a non—competitive environment. The financial performance of the SLPEs is poor in that most of them are in red and has accumulated significant loses leading to capital erosion. Examining the restructuring model adopted by the Government of Sikkim, the study has found that there is a vast scope for policy and managerial reforms for the SLPEs that would be retained as public enterprises in the medium and long term.
The study has suggested that for effective restructuring for privatisation, disinvestment and retention, apart from political commitment, some legal accounting and financial requirements have to be met. Having examined the working of the SLPEs in depth, the study has recommended a large number of concrete measures in order to unlock the value hidden in the SLPEs. It has also recommended a detailed scheme towards optimal performance through internal management action. The study has worked out the requirement of Rs.
In short, the study has, on the basis of a close examination of the 22 SLPEs working in Sikkim, have designed an action plan for each of the enterprises for appropriate restructuring, privatization or winding up as the case may be. A detailed and highly disaggregated study of this type would serve as a significant aid for initiating action plan by the Government of Sikkim. The data base for studying state level enterprises is usually not available. It is credit worthy that the authors could gather the required data for close examination of the working of SLPEs in Sikkim.
What is more, they have been able to design a very persuasive and convincing scheme for the reform of State Level Public Enterprise of Sikkim. The study has not only suggested the mode of restructuring but also designed an action plan within a time frame at the micro level. The Government of Sikkim is expected to find this study very useful for carrying forward its restructuring programme. Study Grant During the quarter, one scholar availed study grant. Library Journals and newspapers which were regularly subscribed, were duly received and extensively used by readers.
A few books were added to the ERC library. Photocopy Facility pages of research materials were photocopied. Apart from this the Centre provided publication assistance of Rs. Study Grants During this period 18 researchers availed study grant. College Lahore Ambala Centt. College, Abohar, Rs. National College Dekha Ludhiana , Rs. Chandigarh, Rs. Radhakrishnan on 3 March Violence and terror have made deep inroads in all spheres of our life and unless serious efforts are taken to tame these two monsters they will destroy all humanity said Professor N.
Gupta and Shri P. University, Rohtak from 24 to 28 March The guest-house of the complex continued to provide accommodation to research scholars and social scientists coming to Chandigarh for their research and other academic purposes. During the period under report scholars have availed the accommodation facilities. University at Tirupati from 5 to 6 March About participants participated from various parts of Telangana region.
Study Grant During the period 17 researchers availed study grant. Jha, Amrita Prakashan, Patna, Jardine, the consul General of United States of America. During the period under review, the faculty members contributed three articles in reputed journals. Young Lives project — Second Round. Indigenous Environmental Knowledge and Sustainable Development. The functioning of land lease market in different sources of irrigated villages in Andhra Pradesh. Agricultural Credit - Recent trends.
In addition, the faculty at CESS presented ten papers at various seminar and workshops. D and M. Phil Programme Five Ph. D and two M. Phil students were awarded degrees. New Projects Undertaken Economics of Tobacco. Scholars from different Departments of Karnataka University and Bankers attended this symposium. Urban Issues. Situational analysis of Cotton Farming in India. Water Laws in India. PRS Legislative Research. Two Punjabs Centre India and Pakistan. Role of Indian Diaspora in the Development of Punjab.
Comprehensive District Agricultural Plans. District Perspective Plan, Sirsa. Out-Migration from Punjab. Forty-seven elected representatives of village, panchayats, intermediate panchayats and zilla panchayats of three states attended it. Arjun K Sengupta on 31 March Globalisation, Gujarat State and Welfare for Poor. Recent Developments in Coastal Zones. A Historical Analysis of Patriarchy in India. Contemporary debates on citizenship in India. Programmes in Women Studies.
Around users representing various universities, colleges, institutions from India and abroad accessed the library and its information services. The library zeroxed over 11, pages for the users. Rao, January Journal Indian Journal of Gender Studies. In addition, the Center conducted one in house seminar. Singh, Prof. Joshi and Dr Y. Singh and Prof. Joshi, Dr Y. Singh and Dr P. Food Insecurity Index for U. The issues related to various dimensions of social and economic development in the state were discussed in the seminar. Post Graduate College, Lucknow, organised a seminar in the honour of Prof.
Institutional Doctoral Fellowship Three scholars were selected for the award of ICSSR institutional doctoral fellowships and one scholar was selected in the category of teacher fellowship. Nayak, Working Paper No. Goldar et al. Mani Singh. Report on the State of Population, India.
Urban systems: NCR of Delhi. Practice of Environmental Valuation in South Asia. Threshold Level of Inflation for India, by N. Dr Nilabja Ghosh and Mr S. Nine Probationers are attending the ongoing programme. Eight participants attended this programme.
Table of Contents
Mishra et al. Subrahmanyam and Ch. Lakshmi Kumari. Database on SLPEs. Restructuring of Public Enterprises in A. Integrated Marketing Communications. The convention attempts to be a platform for industry- academia interface to bring forth the future implications of these developments in transforming Papers in related areas of Management- HRM, Marketing, Finance, Production, Entrepreneurship, Strategy, etc, which contribute to the main theme were also presented.
The consensus of the entire proceedings and papers was summed up as follows the growth strategy that the country has been pursuing is broadly on the right track in so far as it goes. Looking ahead, it should be stated that it is no longer advisable to look at services versus manufacturing sector, while analysing India's growth strategy. What is relevant is the focus should be on manufacturing and services, along with acceleration in agricultural growth. Growth of agriculture and manufacturing sectors needs to be substantially improved, while continuing to avail of the advantages the country possesses in the contribution of the service sector, in particular in IT and a few other segments.
The Long Run of European State Formation - Persée
Segments even within the service sector where growth has not be been up to our expectations, needs to be focused upon. There is need to supplement the growth strategies by a strong public sector involvement that focuses on education and health, in relation to the needs of the emerging areas in the post-reforms era, and the need for a consciously implementing strategies for inclusiveness in every sphere of socio-economic activity, to improve the human development indices, and capacity building for facing the challenges of shortage of skills, and social security measures in the coming years.
Building up of appropriate world class infrastructure, nurturing of a, better and corruption free governance, and working for a more caring society, by paying special attention to inclusiveness in all socio-economic spheres, are to be given priority in the reformulated strategies. I would like to mention that our deliberations will go a long way in crystallizing the thinking and programme of action for the future. Many eminent policy makers, public enterprise CEOs, captains of private sector, researchers and teachers from all over India attended the Convention.
State Budgetary Resources and Agriculture Development. The impact of Macro Management of Agriculture. Decline in Productivity in Important Crops. Improving Institutions for Pro-Poor growth. Electricity Pricing in Karnataka: An analysis. Desertification Vulnerability Index Model. Construction of National Transfers Accounts for India. Child poverty among social and economic groups in India. Assets as Liability? Study on Global Ageing and Health. Functional review of Bruhat Bangalore Mahanagara Palike.
Infertility in India: Levels, trends, determinants and its impact on family and fertility. The Population dynamics and the deprivation in crude literacy among scheduled tribes in India. Risk perception and behaviours among youth in high HIV prevalent states in southern India. Pre-marital sex in India: Issues of class, gender and power. The major objective of the workshop was to acquaint the researchers with NFHS-3 data and to facilitate further analysis of the data. Through this workshop, participants were introduced to the NFHS-3 data files, their management and generation of selected indicators on population, health and nutrition.
A total of 31 members representing various academic, governmental and non-governmental organisations of the four southern states participated in the workshop. Dr N Jayaram, Director, welcomed the gathering. The seminar was expected to contribute to the ongoing debate on globalisation.
While there is some minimum consensus that globalisation has exacerbated inequalities within and among nations, the exact nature of this relationship and its wider implications remain little explored, inadequately systematised and theorized. The seminar sought to address some of these gaps.
In all, 47 persons representing the government, academic institutions, banks, NGOs and donors attended the seminar.
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Forty delegates, of whom 20 from South Asian countries, 10 from outside South Asia and 10 from Bangalore and nearby places participated. Poverty in Dryland Areas of Madhya Pradesh. Publication Journal During the quarter, the Institute brought out the second issue of of its bi-annual journal Madhya Pradesh Journal of Social Sciences. Workshops Inter Disciplinary Research Methodology Workshop on Environment, Sustainable Development and Human Well-Being on February Given the complexity and uncertainty in the relationship between environment-economy-human wellbeing, any change in the quantity and the quality of environment can affect the economy and human wellbeing in a non-linear way.
A Workshop in Transformative Learning on 28 March The discourse and practice of development are at cross roads now and contemporary processes of transformations challenge us to find new ways of understanding and nurturing development as manifold processes of human flourishing, well-being of all and planetary realisations.
The workshop had presentations from scholars and students from various disciplines such as philosophy, humanities and social sciences. State Development Report of Pondicherry.
We must demystify those parts of the state that are obscured by legalistic phraseology and liberal prejudice. If we are to have a genuinely revolutionary understanding of society, we have to throw the piercing light of Marxist analysis on even the most shadowy and mysterious corners of the bourgeois state, starting with constitutional law. Generally speaking a constitution is the set of rules according to which a body of people are governed.
Constitutions dictate the relationship between citizens and nation states, as well as the relationship of various parts of the state machine to each other. Rules about how states and societies should function have existed for as long as there have been state structures — around 5, years. But today, when academics, lawyers and politicians talk about the constitution or constitutional rights they tend to be referring to broadly defined liberal ideas and concepts, like fairness, equality and justice, which they say are defended by legal mechanisms.
The overarching principle that encompasses liberal constitutional ideas is often referred to as the Rule of Law. When the British Supreme Court ruled against the government over Brexit, deciding that parliament and not the government had to have the final say over Britain leaving the EU, the judges were portrayed as defenders of British constitutional rights against overreaching politicians.
This is how constitutionalism and the Rule of Law are presented to us today — as a check against executive state power, and as a defender of the rights of the individual. A constitution is like the legal scaffolding that holds up the state and which limits and directs its activities. To really get to grips with the concept of a constitution we need to have a clear understanding of the state itself — what it is, how it arose and why it needs this legal scaffolding around it.
Engels explains that, historically, the state arose at a point when society had developed the forces of production to the extent that it had become entangled in insoluble class antagonisms. He says:. These are things like the courts, the prisons, the police and the army. In other words, despite appearances, state power does not stand neutral above society, but is a weapon in the hands of the class that is able to maintain an armed body of men.
It is a tool of the possessing class for use against the non-possessing class. In his book, Engels writes about the rise of the Athenian state. Those who were part of the ruling, property-owning class proceeded to concentrate wealth and power in their hands.
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They used their wealth to inflict debt, bankruptcy and slavery on the lower classes, and used their new weapon of the state to sanction all of this through law. The initial rise of state power in Athens was never anything other than the consolidation of naked class rule by the rich over the poor. The same was true of early feudal England. The state structure formalised after the invasion of William the Conqueror in consisted of a system in which the monarch nominally owned all the land, some of which was granted to his nobles, who in turn allowed serfs to work on patches of that land in return for a life of servitude.
This setup was transparently preserved by the armed bodies of men available to the feudal lords who could afford to maintain them. Like in Athens, the state and its armed bodies of men were openly a weapon of the possessing classes against the non-possessing classes.
Yet this apparatus of brutal class dominance is not how the state appears to us today. The ruling class and individual capitalists do not tend to run their own private armies to enforce their will. The state today is not simply an amalgamation of the wealthiest people in the country and their armies. Each capitalist submits, like everyone else, to the Rule of Law and the power of the state. The difference with statecraft today, compared to 11th Century England or ancient Athens, is that now there exists a clear and complete set of constitutional rules.
And these rights are, in theory, enforceable by any individual acting through the courts. The result is that today the law and the constitution are seen by lawyers and politicians as guarantors of the independence and neutrality of the state, supposedly in contrast to feudal England or ancient Athens. But this is an illusion.
This is why it is important for Marxists to understand what constitutional rights really are — so we can lift the legal veil and reveal the class basis of the bourgeois state. The ancient Athenian state described above, in which the state apparatus was transparently a weapon used by the possessing class against the non-possessors, did not last long.
Engels explains that after the initial period of naked class domination through the state, Solon of Athens established a new constitution in B. This constitution voided the insurmountable debts that had been piled on the lower classes; afforded them certain protections against the ruling class; prevented the lower classes being sold into slavery, and so on. But nevertheless this was a significant step towards a form of the state closer to something we might recognise today. The British state has undergone a similar process of transformation since the 11th Century. This process was intimately tied up with the birth, rise and ultimate victory of the bourgeoisie over the feudal aristocracy in their battle for political power.
The executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie. The bourgeois revolution brought with it ideas such as equal political power for all as long as you owned property and were a man , instead of hereditary rights. The monarch no longer had the right to act without the consent of a parliament, made up of elected representatives.
In addition, executive action could be limited by the judiciary, through the medium of the courts. Democracy, the equal application of the law, and the freedom to work for whomever you pleased were all central to the new bourgeois order, albeit in a limited form at first. These are the basis of the rules that we today refer to as part of the British constitution. Both processes involved a transition from the state as a naked weapon of class rule, to a constitutional state. Constitutions, then, were a major conquest of the bourgeois revolutions.
They came about as the product of a class struggle, which forced concessions from the old established order. Modern constitutions are the product of revolution, counterrevolution, compromise and debate.
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It remained a slave society, just one with a different state structure. In other words, the political revolution of Solon in B. It is tied by a thousand threads to capitalist interests. The notorious revolving door between business and government ensures that ministers and civil servants slide easily between government regulators and the companies they are supposed to be regulating.
Big business lobbyists use threats and bribes to force governments to act in the interests of the bourgeoisie. The courts, prisons, police and army are used to defend the private property rights of the rich, while the rights of the poor to housing and food are ignored. All of this raises some questions. Why did constitutional laws arise in the first place? Did Solon of Athens and Oliver Cromwell, leader of the English Revolution, just coincidentally have very similar ideas about constitutions despite being two thousand years apart?
Why do we have the mechanism of a constitution to facilitate capitalist exploitation rather than something else? The answer is that constitutional law is not just a clever idea dreamt up accidentally. Its form, as well as its content, is inseparable from commodity exchange and the development of the capitalist mode of production. The production of goods for the market, described by Marx as commodity production, is the dominant form of production and the foundation of the economy under capitalism.
To understand commodity production and exchange Marx examined questions relating to value and labour in his various pamphlets, books and speeches on the capitalist economy. But there is also an essential part of commodity exchange that relates to law which is also dealt with by Marx, albeit more briefly.
The commodity, once produced, can only realise the value contained within it if it is exchanged on the market. But a commodity cannot exchange itself — it needs a conscious human to perform the act of exchange, or in other words it requires a legal owner. This means that the concept of legal rights of individual ownership is an inherent part of commodity production. We must, therefore, have recourse to their guardians, who are possessors of commodities. Commodities are things, and therefore lack the power to resist man. If they are unwilling, he can use force; in other words, he can take possession of them.
This means, for example, when two individuals confront each other in the marketplace they do so as buyer and seller, as legal owners, which means this relationship is a legal one. But what is the nature of this legal relationship?
The Long Run of European State Formation
A commodity exchange system requires that the market itself determine the exchange value of the commodities being traded. This means that the buyer and seller, while in the marketplace, must be stripped of all individuality that might disrupt the process of determining the exchange value of their commodities. In the process of exchange the buyer and seller must be empty vessels through which the commodities owned by them can assert themselves in the marketplace. In short, the buyer and seller have to be recognised as entirely equal to one another, even if in reality they are not. This equality is the nature of the legal relationship between individuals in a system of commodity exchange.